"In the end, it's not the years in your life that count, it's the life in your years." - Abraham Lincoln

Posted on February 26, 2017 by Sioux under General
1 Comment

 

Dover Castle, a medieval castle founded in the 11th century, has been described as the “Key to England” due to its defensive significance throughout history. It is also the largest castle in England. The building of the castle was started in 1180 by Henry II, when he demolished an existing castle on the site and started constructing new fortifications within the U-shaped perimeter of what is possibly the ditch of an Iron Age hill fort, from AD43, above the cliffs of Dover. He died before the castle was and his sons Richard I and King John continued the work. The castle keep is one of the last rectangular keeps ever built. 

Dover was developed as a port around 50AD, with a lighthouse which still survives today, and is one of The Confederation of Cinque Ports, which was founded in 1050. Cinque Ports are an historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex, originally formed for military and trade purposes, but now entirely ceremonial. The ports lie at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest. The name is Norman French, meaning “five ports”. It is a major port on the south-east coast of England, at a gap in the white cliffs near the narrowest point of the English Channel. 

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One response to “Day tripping #2 – Dover and the Castle – history”

  1. Chez says:

    Love the pics and the info! x x

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